Sustainable & Smart Technologies
Growing concerns regarding energy conservation to enhance global fuel cell market outlook over 2017-2024
The global fuel cell market is expected to witness a significant growth trajectory attributed to the burgeoning need for space heating across commercial and residential sectors coupled with persistent efforts towards hydrogen fueling station development.
Many private and public establishments are stepping up their investment activities towards energy conservation. This proliferating financial support in tandem with advantageous government initiatives facilitating the advancements of sustainable energy technologies will be a tremendous driving factor in fuel cell market growth over the forecast period.
For example, in 2019, the Chinese government has proposed the construction of 20 hydrogen fueling stations and upwards of 3000 vehicles in the Hubei Province, expected to become functional by 2020.
A research report by Global Market Insights, Inc. estimates that the fuel cell market share is expected to exceed $7 billion over 2025.
Get a Sample Copy of this Report: @https://www.gminsights.com/request-sample/detail/621
The recent paradigm shift towards increasing financial interest in R&D and innovations coupled with the high efficacy and dependability of fuel cells as a substitute for traditional automobiles are likely to bolster fuel cell industry demand from the transport sector. As a matter of fact, in 2018, the Department of Energy or DOE announced their intention to spend $39 million for fuel cell and hydrogen fueling infrastructure development in North America.
Escalating demand for fuel cells across myriad automotive applications like trams, light vehicles, goods carrier vehicles, forklift trucks, two & three wheelers as well as small boats and ferries will contribute heavily to industry expansion. As per DOE reports in February 2019, fuel cell vehicles on road in the United States grew from 4000 in 2015 to an appreciable 6500.
Accelerating demand for fuel cell EVs and the subsequent rise in the installation of portable charging systems considering the proliferating number of recreational activities are set to add significant impetus to the fuel cell market outlook.
On the other hand, the need for stationary power stations, particularly in remote and off-grid locations is reinforced by several government-supported expenditures pertaining to infrastructure developments.
With respect to the product spectrum, the SOFC product segment is expected to exceed 30,000 units over 2025. Mounting fuel cell adoption across numerous small and large-scale stationary power generators, used to provide electricity access to remote locations is likely to present several lucrative growth opportunities to the market.
SOFC cells display commendable potential in high temperature applications, in the range of 800 degree Celsius to 1,000 degree Celsius and demonstrate efficiency levels of over 60% during their transition from fuel to energy.
Cost-effectiveness, high efficiency, reduced emissions, fuel flexibility and high stability are the key drivers propelling fuel cell market penetration over the projected timeframe.
Intensifying concerns regarding the security of energy and higher adoption of renewable energy sources is expected to foster South Korea fuel cell industry trends. Strong government support for R&D efforts towards development of innovative products alongside the steady expansion of hydrogen infrastructure will also enhance the business landscape in the region.
In fact, in 2018, the South Korean government revealed their plan of investing $2.33 billion towards the development of efficient hydrogen infrastructure nationwide, over the next five years.
Author Name :Saloni Walimbe
Instant electric water heater market to garner exceptional proceeds over 2018-2024, LATAM to prominently drive the regional landscape
Electric water heater market size has witnessed a massive upsurge in the recent times owing to the consistent product upgradation and business expansion approaches adopted by the major market players, coupled with rising disposable income of households, increasing electrification in the developing nations and rigorous energy-efficient regulations being prescribed by governments across the globe. The ever-evolving consumer behavior and altering purchase patterns have further fueled the growth of electric water heater market.
Europe Electric Water Heater Market Size, By Capacity, 2017 & 2024 (USD Million)
With rising consumer education regarding water-heater performance and energy efficiency, the manufacturers have been compelled to rethink about the current designs of electric water heaters and enhance the existing technologies. To cite a noteworthy instance, one of the global industry leaders partaking in electric water heater industry, Bradford Corporation, has recently launched its eF series water heaters equipped with a thermal efficiency of 90% and a higher hot-water retrieval.
Furthermore, citing an instance of robust partnerships, U.S. based water heating systems provider, Aquanta Inc., recently announced its alliance with the leading electric utility and energy solutions provider in the U.S., NRTC to build a strong distribution framework to supply its smart water heater controller in the U.S. market. Similar moves are likely to materialize over the next few years, in turn, boosting the electric water heater market growth.
Get a Sample Copy of this Report:@ https://www.gminsights.com/request-sample/detail/680
Electric water heater industry is poised to witness great demand for energy efficient products, especially against the backdrop of escalating electricity tariffs and growing governmental emphasis on conserving energy. The magnitude of expansion of electric water heater market in terms of the product spectrum, that essentially comprises instant and storage based electric water heaters has indeed been immense. Of these, instant electric water heaters minimize standby energy losses and last longer. In addition, they have been evolving with the upcoming market players conjoining the already popular water heater with ohmic array technology.
For instance, U.S. based Heatworks Technologies has raised $7.2 Million from investors including Microsoft to produce state-of-the-art tankless electric water heater using its patented Ohmic Array technology which includes graphite electrodes instead of metal heating and hence never rusts, unlike traditional heating products. With the introduction of such products, the upcoming electric water heater market players are attempting vigorously to gain competitive edge in the growing market size dominated by influential players.
Meanwhile, it would be sensible to take note of the factors that may constrict the electric water heater market size in the immediate future. The alternative energy sources such as hybrid-powered appliances and solar power are garnering swift popularity in the commercial and residential areas across the globe. Large enterprises are preferring solar-powered appliances owing to their long-term advantages. Therefore, the presence of these alternative sources is likely to adversely impact the growth potential of electric water heater market size in the ensuing years.
Latin America is expected to come up as the next big ground for electric water heater market. Aided principally by Brazil, LATAM held more than 30% of the overall electric water heater market share in 2017, driven by the rising consumer preference for advanced heating technologies that help save considerable energy and expenditure. The rising demand for hot water across domestic applications and the lure for extensive cost savings on account of efficient heaters will further impel LATAM electric water heater market.
With a sturdy and well-established distribution and sales channel spanning across majority of the regions across the globe, prominent industry players such as Bradford White Corporation, A.O. Smith, Rheem Manufacturing Company, Haier Electronics and Ariston Thermo have a firm footprint in the electric water heater market. The electric water heater market, owing to aforementioned factors, is considered a combative and saturated industry with upcoming players trying to gain consumer loyalty through discounts and promotional activities. A recent report on electric water heater market, composed by Global Market Insights Inc., has forecast the market valuation to surpass USD 19 billion by 2024.
Author Name : Saif Ali Bepari
Service robotics market to amass hefty returns from logistics applications, tech advancements to characterize the product landscape
Powered by the robust industrialization trends, service robotics market has been escalating at an astonishing rate over the recent years. The technology has established its stance as an interface between industry and service sector and has garnered a mass popularity across a plethora of domains like defense, healthcare, entertainment, household, and logistics. If reports are to be relied on, the commercialization matrix of the business space has taken a prominent turn in the recent years, courtesy – the significant proliferation of IoT, cloud, Artificial Intelligence, and machine learning. In fact, as per estimates, global shipments of service robots surpassed 7.5 million units in 2016 and is further anticipated to witness a remarkable y-o-y growth of 20% over 2017-2024.
China Professional Service Robotics Market Share, By Application, 2016 (Units)
Logistics applications to witness continued growth
The introduction of service robots in logistic operations is deemed to be one of the most significant qualitative shifts in this domain. The paradigm transition in operational interlinking is undoubtedly bringing new opportunities for service robotics market from logistic application. Autonomous Guided Vehicles (AGVs) is one of the finest examples of the robotics breakthroughs in logistics sector. AGVs can reportedly be operated without much human intervention and are significantly increasing the safety quotient of the automobile.
With further enhancements in this technology, the sector has witnessed yet another revolution – AIVs (Autonomous Intelligent Vehicles), enabling greater autonomy, longer battery life, and more flexible & scalable robotic system. Increasing deployment of such robots in indoor as well as outdoor logistics applications for ensuring a better operational efficiency has in turn, fueled service robotics industry growth. Estimates claim that logistics applications contributed over USD 1 billion to the global service robotics market landscape in 2016.
Get a Sample Copy of this Report @ https://www.gminsights.com/request-sample/detail/130
The personal sector has turned to be another prominent application vertical for service robotics market, especially with the increasing deployment of household and entertainment robots. Rising penetration of vacuum cleaners, lawn cutters, and other similar robots for carrying out the tasks that are often routine for humans, has been identified as a turning factor uplifting household service robotics application. In fact, as per estimates, personal applications accounted for 36% of the overall service robotics market size in 2016. With advanced technologies like speech, emotion, and facial recognition features coming onboard, this particular business vertical is likely to tread along a lucrative growth path over the ensuing years.
Elaborating on the tech intervention in household sector, the contribution of iRobot Corporation, one of the leading names in the robot cleaning world, is worth mentioning. The company has always been at the front page with its continuous adoption of advanced technologies for enhancing consumer experience. It has recently introduced its iAdapt 2.0 Responsive Navigation system that is integrated with Alexa –strongly emphasizing on voice as a better interface than touch. Reportedly, the vacuum cleaner not only recognizes voice or speech but also has the capability to digitally map the interior of house while cleaning the floor. As per analysts’ speculation, the birth of such groundbreaking technologies is bound to lucratively drive the product terrain of service robotics market over the coming years.
Speaking of the competitive landscape, service robotics industry is highly fragmented in nature with the participation of leading players like Parrot SA, 3D Robotics, Softbank Robotics, AeroVironment, Inc., DJI, Intuitive Surgical, Inc., Bluefin Robotics, and Samsung Electronics. Quite conspicuous from the aforesaid trends, these industry participants are increasingly focusing on developing technologically advanced products with enhanced functionalities in tandem with the tried-and-tested growth strategies such as R&D, collaborations, M&As, and product expansion. All in all, with organizations progressively looking to tap into the power of robotics for customer service, the global service robotics market is certain to bag massive proceeds in the years ahead. The presumption is aptly validated by Global Market Insights, Inc.’s forecast which claims service robotics market share to exceed a valuation of USD 22 billion by 2024.
Author Name : Ojaswita Kutepatil
Atmospheric water generator (AWG) market to chronicle a colossal CAGR of 30% over 2016-2024, driven by the pivotal factor of water resource depletion
Water scarcity has taken on a serious turn for the worse in recent years, contingent to which, the growth of atmospheric water generator market has observed a new high. A research study published in 2016 claims that the Earth’s renewable freshwater entirely amounts to approximately 10 million cubic kilometers. While this figure may seem large from the context that it equals around 4 trillion Olympic-sized swimming pools (assuming around 2500 cubic meters per pool), it technically aggregates to lesser than 1%, compared to the water in glaciers and oceans. In effect, water source depletion is the crisis of the hour, in consequence to which it has become crucial for global regulatory organizations and regional governments to undertake a sustenance action for betterment. This has necessitated a huge demand for atmospheric water generators – devices that extract water from humid air, which will indirectly carve out a profitable growth map for AWG industry. Large corporations, it is reported, have also been collectively making efforts to develop newer technologies to combat water shortage. EcoloBlue, a key player in atmospheric water generator market, had made a crucial decision in late 2016, of supplying AWGs to Flint, Michigan to overcome water shortages in the region, demonstrating a vital instance of corporates taking on social responsibility.
U.S. Atmospheric Water Generator Market size, by application, 2013-2024 (USD Million)
The process of water extraction from ambient air does not seem to be contemporary. Back in the days of the yore, water was often condensed from thin air, by means of fog fences, air wells, and dew ponds. Borrowing the proverbial leaf out of these ancient books, major companies have been conceiving novel technologies to generate water from air. The efforts, for most parts, have borne fruit, as depicted by estimates – in 2015, atmospheric water generator market size stood at USD 800 million. This valuation can be credited to the ever-growing population demanding a consistent increase in freshwater supply, which has been depicting a shortage due to rainfall scarcity coupled with rising temperatures. This has gradually led to atmospheric water generator industry players pioneering innovative condensing & generation engines for AWGs, to extract water from humid air. It is to be remembered that this technology works best in temperate climates only, in moderate to high humidity. Nonetheless, the technology has been touted to be highly effective, and may combat the problem of water availability in the ensuing years, thereby propelling atmospheric water generator market.
Get a Sample Copy of this Report@ https://www.gminsights.com/request-sample/detail/186
The contribution of a regulatory framework toward AWG industry growth:
The government has mandated a set of stringent regulations to be complied with, with regards to water shortage, which has undoubtedly provided a positive impetus to atmospheric water generator market.
- The European Union has enforced the Drinking Water Directive to ensure clean, water supply to the European nations for commercial, residential, and industrial purposes.
- The EPA and REACH have also mandated norms with regards to optimized water usage and safe water supply will also act as a catalyst to atmospheric water generator industry growth.
- The WHO states that around 45% of the global pollution is caused by means of pathogenic microorganisms. In this regard, the U.S. government has launched the Safe Drinking Water Act in a bid to ensure clean water supply to the county’s populace, which will majorly impel AWG market.
- The SDWA has also been formed to protect the quality of drinking water in the U.S. in order to focus on all the liquids designed for drinking – from above the ground as well as under the ground.
As per analysts, atmospheric water generator industry is projected to exceed a stupendous USD 8 billion by 2024, from merely USD 800 million in 2015, thereby enlisting AWG market in the coveted billion-dollar business space. Investors staking their claim in atmospheric water generator market will thus, stand to accrue substantial profits by the end of 2014 and beyond, given the projected pace at which AWG market has been evolving.
A rather succinct insight into the application landscape of AWG market:
- AWGs find widespread applications across extensive end-use sectors such as construction, manufacturing, paper & pulp, oil & gas, and steel, which will invariably boost atmospheric water generator industry from industrial applications. As per estimates, this segment is projected to record a CAGR of 25% over 2016-2024.
- Commercial avenues such as office buildings, multiplexes, malls, hotels, and military camps depict an enormous utilization scope for AWGs. Analysts claim France AWG market rom commercial applications to grow at a rate of 20% over 2016-2024, given the deployment of AWGs in theaters, malls, commercial properties, and army base camps.
- The residential sector is one of the most lucrative segments of atmospheric water generator industry. In 2015, the segment was reportedly valued at USD 13 million. However, the expanding construction sector, growing population, and the subsequent necessity for housing will necessitate the demand for large-scale AWG installations. On these grounds, AWG market from residential applications has been forecast to register a CAGR of more than 30% over 2016-2024, with a valuation of over 100 thousand units in terms of volume, by 2024.
Atmospheric water generator industry share may be constrained on the grounds of high electricity consumption, increasing concern toward GHG emissions and high technology costs. Despite being a rather transformative technology, its deployment may face glitches at certain times. Certain units are likely to require more than 2.5 kWh per liter of power for operation, which may lead to problems in its deployment in areas with high electricity tariffs. Nonetheless, major AWG market giants such as Island Sky Corporation, Saisons Technocom and Watair Inc., Ecoloblue, Atlantis Solar, Fujian Yuxin Electronic, and Konia have been ramping up their efforts to conceptualize innovative technologies that may reduce GHG emissions and associated costs to a great extent, which will gradually catalyze atmospheric water generator industry share in the ensuing years.
Author Name : Saipriya Iyer
According to new study based Report on Bring Your Own Device by Global Market Insights, BYOD market size worth USD 94.15 billion in 2014 is forecast to reach USD 350 billion from 2015 to 2022. The report provides granular quantitative information on market together with key BYOD industry insights.
View a summary of the “Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) Market Size, Industry Analysis Report” @ https://www.gminsights.com/industry-analysis/bring-your-own-device-BYOD-market
Recently BYOD has been adopted across various verticals including logistics and retail, Telecom, IT, manufacturing, healthcare, public etc. This surging adoption of this system for enhancing organizational productivity is expected to drive the market growth.
Increasing use of, tablets, and laptops is anticipated to have a positive impact on the market. Furthermore, the proliferation of smartphones and 4G LTE is expected to fuel the market growth. A smartphone is expected to be the most preferred device, as it simplifies handling of both personal life and office work. The tablet segment is forecast to witness substantial growth over 130 billion in a predicted time frame.
Healthcare, financial services and insurance industry segments are predicted to be most key verticals. Moreover, both mid-to-large sized and small scale businesses have started adopting the system and are predicted to further the growth.
The report discusses the in-depth analysis of the Bring Your Own Device industry at the regional level, including India, Korea, Indonesia, Taiwan, Japan, Australia, China, Singapore, New Zealand, Malaysia, Philippines, and U.S.
U.S. BYOD market is expected to continue its dominance with the largest market share in the projected time frame. Asia Pacific BYOD market share is likely to witness substantial growth, at a growing CAGR of 20% during the expected period owing to lower hardware expenses, and surging smartphone penetration.
Get a Free Sample Copy of this Report @ https://www.gminsights.com/request-sample/detail/114
The report covers competitive analysis of the market discussing the profiles, key market strategies of major market players accumulating major market share in the market are: Alcatel-Lucent, Cisco Systems, MobileIron, Good Technology,and IBM Corporation.
Increased productivity owing to growing use of personal devices is expected to trigger the market growth. Possible security threats, including device theft, challenges in tracking data and risk exposure, etc. need to be addressed to support the employees.
The report features:
- Market Definition for BYOD along with restraints, drivers, challenges, opportunities and adoption of trends in the market
- Market sizing and forecast
- Segmentation of competitive market and assessments on a regional scale
- Distribution channel assessment
- Analysis with factors influencing the market landscape
- Competitive Analysis of major market participants, company profiles and strategic activities
- Pricing and substantiality trends
Author Name : Dhananjay Punekar
Escalating demand for sustainable energy systems across the commercial landscape to bolster solar tracker market outlook over 2019-2025
Global solar trackers market is anticipated to accumulate commendable proceeds over the forecast spell owing to emerging concerns pertaining to changes in climate condition. These changes have given rise to numerous government mandates encouraging the adoption of solar energy systems to cater to the growing demand for electricity due to rapid commercialization and urbanization, in turn boost industry demand.
Additionally, many regulatory norms regarding the mitigation of carbon emissions and specific emphasis on efficient and sustainable energy consumption are likely to add impetus to solar tracker market growth in the coming years.
Several targets for sustainable energy have been put forth by governments worldwide in order to proliferate the implementation of photovoltaic (PV) generation systems, thereby fueling solar tracker industry dynamics.
Moreover, industry demand is further bolstered by the product’s beneficial characteristics including reduction in energy costs and high CUF. As per estimates from credible sources, global solar tracker installations are expected to surpass 30GW by 2025.
Get a Sample Copy of this Report@ https://www.gminsights.com/request-sample/detail/364
As environmental concerns continue to surge, myriad policies and strict mandates have been established across the commercial and utility sectors, encouraging industry players to inhibit their carbon footprints through the adoption of sustainable energy systems.
Growing expenditure towards the construction of commercial infrastructure, including hospitals, shopping centers, and schools has accelerated the deployment of solar panels to accommodate the demand for continuous supply of electricity.
Consumers, over the recent years, are beginning to make higher use of solar trackers in efficient energy systems, with the goal of augmenting the capacity utilization factor and reaping the benefits through tax credits, incentives, and subsidies.
Furthermore, solar tracker market forecast will be further driven by diminishing PV engineering costs combined with high electricity rates for commercial organizations.
Taking into consideration the product spectrum, the dual axis solar tracker segment is poised to amass hefty proceeds in the years ahead, given its strong capability for providing two-degree flexibility, leading to a nearly 45% improvement in energy generation as compared to its traditional PV counterpart. As a result, dual axis solar tracker systems are witnessing robust demand across Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) and Concentrator Photovoltaics (CPV) power plants.
In fact, these energy systems observe widespread acceptance across many industries due to their high-performance level as opposed to alternative energy sources, which in turn would impel solar tracker industry growth.
Dwindling solar panel costs alongside the enactment of ongoing strict environmental initiatives have resulted in extensive installation of solar trackers in North America. Due to their declining supply chain costs and enhanced module performance, PV tracker systems have seen a substantial rise in demand over the past few years. Manufacturing companies are making heavy investments towards R&D endeavors to further enhance the overall efficiency of the solar power system, thereby complementing industry outlook.
Optimistic outlook towards the deployment of photovoltaic systems across North America is expected to bolster solar tracker market size. In order to achieve a competitive edge over other market players, enterprises are largely focused on producing low-cost and efficient energy products.
Author Name : Saloni Walimbe
Identity and access management market to accumulate sizable returns from the IT & telecom sector: North America to emerge as a lucrative investment ground over 2018-2024
A robust increase in the adoption of advanced technologies such as cloud computing and IoT will drive the identity and access management market in the upcoming years. IAM apparently makes businesses more agile, efficient and scalable, and also offers them considerable benefits such as reduced risk of data breaches, centralized access control, ensured regulatory compliance, improved user experience, and a significant reduction in IT costs. This has quite overtly led to a spurt in investments in IAM market from venture capitalists and enterprise organizations.
Japan Identity and Access Management (IAM) Market Size, By Solution, 2017 & 2024 (USD Million)
IAM industry has also received a considerable boost from robust investments in new artificial intelligence and machine learning solutions that are being undertaken for managing the rapid proliferation of identities and achieving least privileged access. For instance, recently Google established a collaboration with Facebook to develop their artificial intelligence to offer users a much better work experience.
Proliferation of workplace mobility is a major factor that would propel identity and access management market. Global acceptance of workplace mobility by businesses has empowered employees to work from anywhere, at any time and from any device. As per sources, by 2020, mobile workforce will reach to about 105.4 million people, that translates to roughly 72.3% of the total workforce in the U.S. On a global scale, the number is set to reach 1.87 billion by 2020, or 42.5% of the worldwide workforce. These statistics provide vital evidence to the fact that identity and access management market share is likely to soar in the years to come.
The Internet of Things has already redefined the concept of identity management. As IoT moves beyond consumer mainstream wearables and into massive enterprise deployments, IT teams are paying more attention towards securing access to the networks that connect to valuable products, including smart grid hardware, factory equipment, and more. IAM and privileged access management (PAM) demands are expected to become more complicated, with tougher obstacles and exponentially more endpoints. In consequence, the requirement of a strong IAM solution would become more commonplace, thereby augmenting the overall IAM industry.
Get a Sample Copy of this Report:@ https://www.gminsights.com/request-sample/detail/176
IT & telecom applications to drive the IAM market trends:
The rapidly escalating growth in the telecom & IT sector is certain to impel identity and access management market. As the IT & telecom industry works with a large user base, it is essential for the service providers to maintain the security of the sensitive user data. According to a survey by The Communications Fraud Control Association (CFCA), the telecommunications industry experienced $38.1 billion in fraudulent charges in 2016. As per CFCA, cyber fraudsters are seemingly working to develop new ways to siphon money from renowned, well-established organizations of various sectors.
The aforementioned survey results are a strong indicator of the fact that the IT sector will serve to be one of the most profitable growth avenues for IAM market. By implementing IAM solution business could be shielded by fraudsters and hackers, eventually saving billions in remuneration for organizations. According to Global Market Insights, Inc., identity and access management market size from IT and telecom applications was worth USD 1,420 million in 2017 and is expected to register a commendable growth rate over the ensuing years.
Unveiling North America IAM industry outlook:
North America is undoubtedly one of the most crucial regional generators for identity and access management market. In 2017, North America accounted for a mammoth 46% of the overall industry share, primarily on account of the changing workforce requirements and the surging adoption of cloud applications and BYOD. The U.S. the most dominant regional ground for North America IAM market, given that security is the foremost crucial parameter for the plethora of companies in the country.
North America IAM market has also received a considerable boost owing to the presence of a stringent regulatory landscape in the region. The continent is known to face periodic cybersecurity thefts – in 2017 alone, the average cost of a data breach was around USD 117,000 for SMEs and USD 1.3 million for large enterprises. On these grounds, the regional governments have undertaken stringent initiatives and invested extensively to come up with highly secure systems to protect user data, thereby propelling North America IAM industry share.
Some of the most prominent contenders in the global identity and access management market include IBM Corporation, SailPoint Technologies Holdings, Inc., Okta, Inc., Symantec, Gemalto, Crossmatch, Oracle, HID Global Corporation, CA Technologies, OneLogin, Inc., OpenText Corp., Ping Identity, ForgeRock, Net IQ, and Dell, Inc. These companies are often found conducting mergers and acquisitions to increase their business reach and expand their customer base. For instance, Marsh, a global leader in insurance broking and innovative risk management solutions, recently announced a collaboration with IBM Corp. to provide clients with a wider access to blockchain solution for ensuring proof of insurance.
IAM solutions have proven to be effective in reducing challenges faced by organizations with regard to security and privacy such as data loss, data leakage, insecure usage, and insider attacks. IAM also decreases burden on the IT departments due to its self-service functionality. Driven by the fact that IAM delivers secure ways for authentication, authorization, and management of users without compromising on convenience and usability, the global IAM market share is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 10.4% over 2018-2024.
Author Name : Mateen Dalal