District heating & cooling market valuation to surpass a mammoth $400 billion by 2024, rising adoption of CHP-based systems to expedite the industry growth
The global district heating and cooling (DHC) market is poised to witness an accelerated growth in the consequent years, primarily owing to growing environmental concerns. Driven by the urgent need to curb carbon emissions, global and regional governments have enforced suitable regulatory measures that have further upheld this industry. As per estimates, the global DHC market was valued at approximately over $200 billion in 2017 and is anticipated to double its remuneration by 2024, given that emerging economies are increasingly investing in the development of various commercial and residential establishments that have a centralized heating and cooling system.
Sweden District Heating & Cooling Market Size, by Application, 2017 & 2024 (USD Million)
An outcome of economies of scale, the centralized system of DHC is often extremely cost-efficient when compared to the conventional de-centralized systems. However, an obstacle in the growth of this vertical would be the initial investment required for planning and establishing a distribution infrastructure for the installation of a DHC system. The system’s cost-effectiveness also depends on whether there exists a pre-established distribution infrastructure which could be employed to deliver the DHC services. In case of an existing network, centralized generation costs 40% less than a de-centralized capacity.
Unveiling global DHC market trends with respect to the different energy sources deployed
District heating & cooling market size from combined heat and power (CHP) market is slated to grow by approximately 6% over 2018-2024. According to the International District Energy Association, traditional power plants are extremely inefficient when it comes to generating power as they only extract and convert only about 35%-40% of the energy from the fuel to generate electricity and the remaining 60%-65% of energy is turned into heat which is then released into a local waterbody or into the atmosphere through a smokestack. The association deems this extreme inefficiency to be a massive problem. However, this obstacle also provides a massive opportunity for CHP plants to effectively harvest the immense heat byproduct to produce steam, to heat or to chill water and then effectively cool or heat the surrounding residential or commercial complexes through a DHC network.
According to the association, CHP plants witness fuel efficiencies of around 75%-80% on a regular basis. Additionally, they significantly boost operating efficiencies while decreasing the carbon footprints, thereby providing a massive scope for the expansion of DHC industry from the CHP energy source. The rapid shift from traditional power generation plants to CHP plants is thus slated to augment CHP-based DHC market.
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While CHP has garnered commendable traction, DHC industry players have also been tapping the solar energy source rather prominently. As more and more developed and developing economies turn to renewable sources of energy to fulfil their annual energy needs, it is anticipated that the global DHC market will also experience substantial momentum with the adoption of solar power as an energy source. According to a report by the International Energy Agency the only factor that would limit the development of SHC is the scarcity of viable rooftops and ground space that would house the solar collectors at a location that is accessible to the DHC network. However, even with this constraint, it is being speculated that most of the nations across the globe will come to adopt solar power as an energy source to fuel DHC systems across residential, commercial, and industrial establishments.
According to a 2017 report on SHC by the International Solar Energy Society, over 30 GWth of new solar thermal capacity was authorized in 2017 alone, boosting the global capacity to over 470 GWth. Global Market Insights, Inc., claims that the overall DHC market share from solar power was pegged at $4 billion in 2017, primarily driven by the low operating costs, environmental viability, and ease of installation. Solar power is likely to be majorly adopted across developed as well as developing nations, especially across Europe. Indeed, the European Commission has targeted a deployment of SDH systems across Denmark, Italy, Czech Republic, and Germany, with plans to extend a capacity of 8 GWth by 2020.
Although the global DHC market entertains the deployment of fossil fuels like gas and coal to power the centralized DHC hub, there is a significant untapped potential to upgrade the systems to enable them to employ renewable energy sources like solar, solid bio-fuels, different geothermal technologies, low ambient temperatures and waterbodies. The availability of these cost-competitive clean energy sources makes DHC becomes an extremely worthwhile, cost-effective, and viable service, the rising adoption of which would impel DHC market trends. According to Global Market Insights, Inc., the overall DHC market is expected to exceed an annual energy consumption of 19,000 PJ by 2024.
Author Name : Akshay Kedari
How will North America microgrid market go on to become a business vertical worth USD 7 billion by 2024?
Some of the pivotal factors that have propelled North America microgrid market growth over the recent years are the governmental & regulatory inclinations toward network expansion and the rising financial backing to support such projects. Increasingly becoming the most resilient and sustainable options for industries to provide continual operation during blackouts and natural disasters, microgrids are becoming the essentials of the energy and utilities sector. A substantiation validating the aforesaid is that of a report by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission that claims the utilities across the U.S. to have invested nearly USD 35 billion in 2016 for the expansion of the energy transmission network.
U.S. Microgrid Market Size, By Storage Device, 2017 & 2024 (USD Million)
Rising adoption of renewable energy technologies to impel North America microgrid market size
Quite overtly, the spending on energy infrastructure to deliver power to businesses and households has increased remarkably in the past decade and is replacing the conventional poles, station equipment, and overhead lines and devices. With the rising penetration of renewable sources in the mainstream electricity supply, the operational dependability of the grid network has become an intricate issue for the power giants. In fact, several eminent companies are generously investing in microgrids for seamless integration and distribution of clean energy.
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Recently in 2017, Ameren Corporation unveiled the completion of one of the most highly advanced utility scale microgrids in the North America microgrid market. As a part of its commitment toward building a smart and clean energy infrastructure, Ameren has built a microgrid facility with advanced automation & battery storage. The facility will also test, monitor, and control methods for aggregating renewable & clean energy sources from natural gas, solar, and wind. Reports claim that the Ameren microgrid has a significant production potential of up to 1475 kilowatts, which is enough to power more than 190 households and will be contributing immensely to the expansion of North America microgrid industry share.
North America microgrid market to be swayed by the rise in product demand from the military
Greater reliance on fossil fuel in remote & rural regions in the world is a vulnerable point in military operations, and the results could be devastating, given the transportation challenges. A microgrid solution, in this regard, has not only enabled an installation to generate its own power for the military sector but has also provided protection against cybersecurity risks. These grids have significantly met the needs for stable electricity supply and that too without relying on a larger regional grid that is more averse to interruption and compromises.
To illustrate further, under its Smart Power Infrastructure Demonstration for Energy Reliability and Security (SPIDERS), the U.S. military is aiming to deploy microgrids to supply power in the event of attack or loss of the utility grid. The program is also focusing to integrate solar PV and the diesel backup generators in order to provide diverse fuel sources, enabling uninterrupted power and lower carbon emission.
Recently, the U.S. Department of Defense, in this regard has issued a solicitation for multiple microgrid projects in the military sector that will assess large-scale energy storage. It is also imperative to mention here that the U.S. DOD is the largest petroleum & fossil fuel consumer and greenhouse gas emitter in the world – which is also one of the many reasons why U.S. military are looking at renewable energy microgrids.
Taking into consideration the aforementioned scenario, it wouldn’t be wrong to say that the U.S. military has become one of the significant investment ground for potential North America microgrid industry investors. Further powered by government backing and funding advances, the military microgrid projects are expected to be more secure & reliable and are poised to be a lucrative sector of the North America microgrid industry, which according to reliable reports is expected to surpass 7 billion by 2024, with a capacity expansion of 3 GW.
Author Name :Ojaswita Kutepatil
Rising reliability on electricity coupled with growing need for uninterrupted power supply are major factors driving microgrid market growth. Of late, the proliferating industrialization trends have paved the way for escalating investments in industrial and urban establishments. This has been observed especially in emerging economies, leading to an increase in the demand for electricity. This factor in tandem with favorable government initiatives in electrification of rural areas are augmenting the demand for microgrid connectivity across the globe.
Rapid deployment of captive power sources in tandem with rising integration of clean energy technologies is stimulating the microgrid market outlook. Growing consumer inclination towards natural gas-based power generation sources in consort with rising adoption of solar technology in industrial sector are also contributing toward the growth of the industry.
The expansion of solar energy sector worldwide is a major parameter driving the demand for microgrids. The global microgrid market will register considerable growth owing to favorable federal reforms including FITs, tax rebates and investment tax credits, which are being introduced to increase the deployment of solar PV as a power source. Also, the rapid decline in component prices along with robust R&D activities to improve operational flexibility and product quality of solar PVs will drive microgrid industry growth.
According to estimates, microgrid market will register an annual installation of 13 GW by the year 2026.
Based on storage, the microgrid market is categorized into lead acid, lithium-ion, flywheel and flow batteries segment. Of these, the lithium-ion segment is likely to depict significant growth, attributed to the fact that lithium-ion batteries have longer life cycle and offer efficient performance properties.
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Elaborating on the application spectrum, rising adoption of microgrid technology in remote areas owing to scarcity of electricity and fluctuating power supply will boost the growth of the remote application segment. Government officials are primarily focusing on introducing various programs in order to provide sustainable grid network solutions in off-grid areas. Escalating demand for electricity in isolated areas is thus compelling governments to focus on distributed power generation, increasing the demand for microgrids across remote locations.
Rising R&D activities along with surging investments by food & beverage, manufacturing and chemical companies is also contributing to the growth of the remote applications segment in microgrid market.
Considering the geographical landscape, estimates claim that the Asia-Pacific microgrid market is estimated to grow by 22% through the year 2026. Growing demand for electricity along with surging investments in urban and industrial development is driving the market growth. Moreover, the growth of Asia-Pacific market is credited to the increasing number of consumer awareness programs regarding the benefits of using renewable sources of energy.
For instance, South Korea and Japan are primarily focusing on integrating and supplying sustainable energy solutions in order to provide positive benefits to their respective citizens.
The governments of the emerging economies across APAC are also known to undertake efforts for bringing forth uninterrupted power supply in the region, which is further likely to drive the growth of this market in the years to come.
The prominent companies operating in microgrid market are Honeywell, Schneider, ABB and Siemens among others.
Author Name : Omkar Patwardhan